From News24: 85% of Asia coral reefs at risk
Sydney - More than 85% of reefs in Asia's "Coral Triangle" are directly
threatened by human activities such as coastal development, pollution,
and overfishing, a new report warned on Monday.
Launched at the
International Coral Reef Symposium in Cairns, it said the threat was
substantially more than the global average of 60% and urged greater
efforts to reduce destructive fishing and run-off from land.
these threats are combined with recent coral bleaching, prompted by
rising ocean temperatures, the percent of reefs rated as threatened
increases to more than 90%," the report said.
The Coral Triangle
covers Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, The
Solomon Islands, and East Timor and contains nearly 30% of the world's
reefs and more than 3 000 species of fish.
More than 130 million
people living in the region rely on reef ecosystems for food,
employment, and revenue from tourism, according to Reefs at Risk
Revisited in the Coral Triangle.
the Coral Triangle region, coastal communities depend on coral reefs
for food, livelihoods, and protection from waves during storms, but the
threats to reefs in this region are incredibly high," said lead author
"Reefs are resilient - they can recover from coral bleaching and other impacts - particularly if other threats are low.
benefits reefs provide are at risk, which is why concerted action to
mitigate threats to reefs across the Coral Triangle region is so
The report by the World Resources Institute, in
collaboration with environmental groups WWF, The Nature Conservancy and
Conservation International, will be used by the six countries to develop
their management of the reefs.
"[The report] is an important
contribution for supporting the six Coral Triangle countries in making
critical decisions related to protecting their marine resources," said
Maurice Knight, a contributing author.
perspective on the status of coral reefs as depicted in this report
demonstrates the urgency of the situation and the need for immediate
The International Coral Reef Symposium, held every four
years, has attracted more than 2 000 scientists from 80 countries to
present the latest advances in coral reef conservation.
research and findings are considered fundamental to informing
international and national policies and the sustainable use of coral